A procedure option that can be performed for Peripheral Arterial Disease of the legs.
A catheter is inserted into an artery, and with guidance, the catheter is taken to the narrowing part of the artery. Once the catheter is in place at the clogged part of the artery, a small balloon that is located at the end of the catheter, is inflated for a span of 20 seconds up to 3 minutes.
The pressure of the inflated balloon will cause the build up of plaque and fat to flatten against the artery wall, thus increasing the bloodflow.
For Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) of legs, the angioplasty occurs in the femoral, popliteal, and tibial arteries. Due to concern of trauma and damage in these areas, the use of a stent is not a common practice.